London and Gothenburg: Research conducted by Ericsson, Arthur D. Little and Chalmers University of Technology, in Gothenburg, Sweden, confirms that increased broadband speed contributes significantly to economic growth. Positive effects come from automated and simplified processes, increased productivity as well as better access to basic services such as education and health.
A new report, which draws on research in 33 OECD countries, quantifies the isolated impact of broadband speed, showing that doubling the broadband speed for an economy increases GDP by 0.3%. A 0.3 percent GDP growth in the OECD region is equivalent to USD 126 billion. This corresponds to more than one seventh of the average annual OECD growth rate in the last decade. The study also shows that additional doublings of speed can yield growth in excess of 0.3 percent (e.g. quadrupling of speed equals 0.6 percent GDP growth stimulus)
Both broadband availability and speed are strong drivers in an economy. Last year Ericsson and Arthur D. Little concluded that for every 10 percentage point increase in broadband penetration GDP increases by 1 percent. This growth stems from a combination of direct, indirect and induced effects. Direct and indirect effects provide a short to medium term stimulus to the economy. The induced effect, which includes the creation of new services and businesses, is the most sustainable dimension and could represent as much as one third of the mentioned GDP growth.
"Broadband has the power to spur economic growth by creating efficiency for society, businesses and consumers," says Johan Wibergh, Head of Business Unit Networks, Ericsson. "It opens up possibilities for more advanced online services, smarter utility services, telecommuting and telepresence. In health care, for instance, we expect that mobile applications will be used by 500 million people."
Erik Almqvist, Director at Arthur D. Little, says: "Until now there has been an absence of hard facts investigating the effects of broadband speed on the economy. This unique empirical study may help governments and other decisions makers in society make more correct tradeoffs and policy choices."
"These results have been derived using rigorous scientific methods where the direction of causality, data quality and significance levels have been appropriately tested," says Erik Bohlin, Professor at Chalmers University of Technology. "The results of this study support governmental policies that recognize and promote the importance of broadband."
This study is the first of its kind in that it quantifies the economic impact of increases in broadband speed in a comprehensive scientific method using publicly available data